websites of founding members
Friedrich Fröbel International Research Group
The Froebel Gallery
Friedrich Fröbel Framework
international web sites
Life and Work of Friedrich Fröbel in Pictures
Pestalozzi Fröbel Haus Berlin
Froebel's International School
Islamabad, established in 1975, the School started out as a Playgroup center. Froebel's soon became an Elementary School, and in 1984 prepared students for the University of London GCE Ordinary (O') Levels.
Escola Evangélica Friederic Froebel
interesting web sites
Summer 1995: Froebel Blocks Assignment Virtual World Classroom
Summer 1996: Froebel Blocks - A Wrightian Construction
Early creativity: a fundamental concept
The Froebel Story
Significant Contributions Froebel Made to Education
- He founded the Universal German Educational Institute for training teachers.
- Froebel divided the process of early education into distinct stages of physical and mental development and
developed specific educational tasks for each stage.
- He developed the kindergarten system, the program that shapes a child's view of schooling.
- Froebel's new philosophy of education introduced and focused on child-centered learning.
- Unlike other institutions, Froebel's new educational system was open to children of all social classes and religious denominations.
Was Adler Influenced by Froebel?
This article by Henry T. Stein, Ph.D.offers a provocative speculation about a potentially powerful and creative influence of the Froebel kindergarten methods, materials, and philosophy on Alfred Adler as a child, and his later founding of Individual Psychology.
"Reading Norman Brosterman's new book Inventing Kindergarten, about the the influence of the Froebel kindergarten on modern art and architecture, I was fascinated by the conceptual similaries shared by Alfred Adler, Friedrich Froebel, and Frank Lloyd Wright."
review of Inventing Kindergarten
Brosterman rescues Friedrich Froebel, the creator of the kindergarten and the father of early childhood
education, from undeserved neglect and obscurity.
another review of Inventing Kindergarten
Interview with Norman Brosterman
Architect Norman Brosterman says design toys used in German educator Friedrich Froebel's 19th century child educational system, still known as kindergarten, prefigure modern conceptions of geometric abstraction, and can be seen clearly in the later work of former kindergartners Georges Braques, Piet Mondrian, Paul Klee, Le Corbusier, and many other familiar and important artists and architects.
The "Froebel gifts" the children were given to play with included building blocks, parquetry tiles, origami papers, modeling clay, sewing kits and other design projects, and became wildly popular in the 19th century. Listen to Dennis Andersen's searching interview with Norman Brosterman and his compelling insights into the link between kindergarten and modern geometric abstract art and architecture
1st U.S. kindergarten schooled 5 youngsters in Watertown
German immigrant ran class, advocated new educational philosophy
The advancement of kindergarten education was a major focus for the energies of female reformers in Germany during the 1848
revolution and the rest of the nineteenth century. Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852), an educator and philosopher who had studied with
Swiss pedagogue Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, formulated the educational philosophy of the kindergarten
A child who plays and works thoroughly, with perseverence, until physical fatigue forbids will surely be a thorough, determined person, capable of self-sacrifice.
other key websites
Friedrich Froebel page at the informal education homepage
The History of Education Site
Lists all kinds of Web resources in this field, simple and complex ones, from all over the world and also provides related texts and sources.
Froebel's Gifts are featured in Britannica Online Toys Through Time
The Origins of Nursery Education: The Froebelian Experiment Announcing the reprinting of Froebel's main texts
The followers of the German educator Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) spread his kindergarten system across the globe. Even in countries like England where the term kindergarten was rejected in favour of 'nursery school', early childhood education bears the unmistakeable impress of Froebel's educational principles if not that of his symbolic and material apparatus. - with an excellent Froebel bibliography
Froebel Foundation, Ontario
A Biographical Sketch of Friedrich Froebel
Froebel's impact on education across Canada
Froebel kindergarten introduced into Toronto public schools
A Froebel bibliography
seven principles of a Froebel education
Our joint responsibility is to love, care for and cultivate each little one.
To work closely with the family was part of Froebel's educational plan
To be creative means the child is putting forth earnest and sincere effort
Children need to investigate the inner properties of things
Froebel College of University of Surrey Roehampton in London, England
Froebel College was founded in 1892 to train teachers in accordance with the ideas of Friedrich Froebel and now forms part of the University of Surrey Roehampton and houses The Froebel Archive for Childhood Studies which is particularly rich in material by and about Friedrich Froebel and the growth of the Froebel movement.
Froebel's writings in English and German including first editions of Die Menschenerziehung and the Mutter-und Kose-Lieder
English and German commentaries on Froebelian ideology
Texts and children's books representing the Froebel curriculum - including Nature Study, Handwork, Block Play, Art and Drawing, Music and Movement, Story-Telling
Complete set of the Froebel Society journal Child Life and its successors the National Froebel Foundation Bulletin and Froebel Journal
Archives of Froebel Educational Institute, founded 1892, including administrative records, photographs, student work, reminiscences and The Link, the journal of past Froebel students
The Froebel College, Dublin, Ireland
The philosophy of education of Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) stresses the respect with which the individuality and innate ability of each child should be treated; the importance of creating a happy, harmonious environment in which he or she can grow; and the value of self-activity and play as a foundation on which the integrated development of the whole person can be built.
David Carey (email, firstname.lastname@example.org) a lecturer of education at Froebel College and Adlerian psychologist is interested in the spirituality of education, connections between Froebel and Adlerian philosophy, and would love to hear from anyone who shares these and has an interest in education as soul building and salvific endeavour.
photographic tribute to Froebel College by Andrew
Lynne’s Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel page
Friedrich Fröbel data base
An educator whose influence is still seen today.
links about Friedrich Froebel
Looking At The History of Friedrich Froebel